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Difference Between Male And Female Guinea Pigs | Guinea Pig Gender Behavior

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There are several things to consider when choosing a guinea pig for a pet. One primary concern is usually the gender of the guinea pig and Guinea Pig Gender Behavior as it can determine several other factors such as housing and breeding. So what’s the difference between male and female guinea pigs? 

Related: Good Guinea Pig Cages

Difference Between Male And Female Guinea Pigs

1. Body features

Now, if we’re talking bodies, male and female guinea pigs look very similar at first glance. Both have small, round frames with no tail and a big head. You can see the difference when you take a careful look at their genital area. 

This can be quite difficult when they are babies because guinea pigs are born with a small ridge of skin covering their genitals. All guinea pigs also have nipples, though female ones tend to be larger. Both male and female guinea pigs have Y-shaped genitals. 

The male’s penile shaft is located right under the skin, while the female’s genital area is usually slightly swollen and bumpy. Size-wise, male guinea pigs are somewhat bigger than the females. They also tend to live a little longer than female guinea pigs. 

2. Guinea pigs temperament

If you’re looking for a guinea pig pet that you can instantly bond with, then go for a male one. This is because they are very outgoing and will let you handle them very quickly. On the other hand, female guinea pigs are very shy, and it may take months before they get comfortable with you.

Also, male guinea pigs are usually very active and will probably move around your house, exploring everything. It would help if you also took note not to keep two male guinea pigs very close together as they are likely to get territorial and fight. 

3. Breeding

It is essential to know whether you have male or female guinea pigs to avoid unplanned breeding. This can happen when you keep an unneutered male and female guinea pig in the same cage. You can take your pet guinea pig for neutering at the local vet. But, if you are ready to have baby guinea pigs running around, make sure that you do not do the neutering if the female is over one year old or if they’ve never had babies. Their hip bones may have hardened, and giving birth would be very difficult, even fatal.

4. Living arrangements

Male guinea pigs need a  lot of room to move around and mark their territory. Consequently, you’ll need a bigger cage to keep them in, especially if you plan to have more than one. With female guinea pigs, a standard cage will do just fine, as they are less active and very friendly with other cage mates.

When keeping guinea pigs together, it is advisable to go for the same gender or ones that have been together since birth. This will help to avoid any territorial disagreements, and they’ll relate better with each other. 

Another difference between male and female guinea pigs is that the males are very high maintenance, and you’ll have to clean their cage at least once a day. 

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Guinea Pig Gender Behavior Video

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